In vivo characterization of microglial engulfment of dying neurons in the zebrafish spinal cord

Marco Morsch*, Rowan Radford, Albert Lee, Emily K. Don, Andrew P. Badrock, Thomas E. Hall, Nicholas J. Cole, Roger Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Microglia are specialized phagocytes in the vertebrate central nervous system (CNS). As the resident immune cells of the CNS they play an important role in the removal of dying neurons during both development and in several neuronal pathologies. Microglia have been shown to prevent the diffusion of damaging degradation products of dying neurons by engulfment and ingestion. Here we describe a live imaging approach that uses UV laser ablation to selectively stress and kill spinal neurons and visualize the clearance of neuronal remnants by microglia in the zebrafish spinal cord. In vivo imaging confirmed the motile nature of microglia within the uninjured spinal cord. However, selective neuronal ablation triggered rapid activation of microglia, leading to phagocytic uptake of neuronal debris by microglia within 20-30 min. This process of microglial engulfment is highly dynamic, involving the extension of processes toward the lesion site and consequently the ingestion of the dying neuron. 3D rendering analysis of time-lapse recordings revealed the formation of phagosome-like structures in the activated microglia located at the site of neuronal ablation. This real-time representation of microglial phagocytosis in the living zebrafish spinal cord provides novel opportunities to study the mechanisms of microglia-mediated neuronal clearance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number321
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2015

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2015. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

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