In vivo targeting of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) Box1 sequence demonstrates that the GHR does not signal exclusively through JAK2

Johanna L. Barclay, Linda M. Kerr, Leela Arthur, Jennifer E. Rowland, Caroline N. Nelson, Mayumi Ishikawa, Elisabetta M. D'Aniello, Mary White, Peter G. Noakes, Michael J. Waters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

GH is generally believed to signal exclusively through Janus tyrosine kinases (JAK), particularly JAK2, leading to activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT), ERK and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathways, resulting in transcriptional regulation of target genes. Here we report the creation of targeted knock-in mice wherein the Box1 motif required for JAK2 activation by the GH receptor (GHR) has been disabled by four Pro/Ala mutations. These mice are unable to activate hepatic JAK2, STAT3, STAT5, or Akt in response to GH injection but can activate Src and ERK1/2. Their phenotype is identical to that of the GHR-/- mouse, emphasizing the key role of JAK2 in postnatal growth and the minimization of obesity in older males. In particular, they show dysregulation of the IGF-I/IGF-binding protein axis at transcript and protein levels and decreased bone length. Because no gross phenotypic differences were evident between GHR-/- and Box1 mutants, we undertook transcript profiling in liver from 4-month-old males. We compared their transcript profiles with our 391-GHR truncated mice, which activate JAK2, ERK1/2,andSTAT3 in response to GH but not STAT5a/b. This has allowed us for the first time to identify in vivo Src/ERK-regulated transcripts, JAK2-regulated transcripts, and those regulated by the distal part of the GHR, particularly by STAT5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-217
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Endocrinology
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

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