Incidence, severity, aetiology and type of neck injury in men's amateur rugby union: a prospective cohort study

Michael S. Swain, Henry P. Pollard, Rod Bonello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: There is a paucity of epidemiological data on neck injury in amateur rugby union populations. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, severity, aetiology and type of neck injury in Australian men's amateur rugby union.Methods: Data was collected from a cohort of 262 participants from two Australian amateur men's rugby union clubs via a prospective cohort study design. A modified version of the Rugby Union Injury Report Form for Games and Training was used by the clubs physiotherapist or chiropractor in data collection.Results: The participants sustained 90 (eight recurrent) neck injuries. Exposure time was calculated at 31143.8 hours of play (12863.8 hours of match time and 18280 hours of training). Incidence of neck injury was 2.9 injuries/1000 player-hours (95%CI: 2.3, 3.6). As a consequence 69.3% neck injuries were minor, 17% mild, 6.8% moderate and 6.8% severe. Neck compression was the most frequent aetiology and was weakly associated with severity. Cervical facet injury was the most frequent neck injury type.Conclusions: This is the first prospective cohort study in an amateur men's rugby union population since the inception of professionalism that presents injury rate, severity, aetiology and injury type data for neck injury. Current epidemiological data should be sought when evaluating the risks associated with rugby union football.

LanguageEnglish
Article number18
Pages1-12
Number of pages12
JournalChiropractic and Osteopathy
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2010

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Neck Injuries
Football
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries
Physical Therapists
Population
Neck

Bibliographical note

This version is archived for private and non-commercial use under the terms of this BioMed Central open access license ("license") (see http://www.biomedcentral.com/info/about/license). The work is protected by copyright and/or other applicable law. Any use of the work other than as authorized under this license is prohibited. For further rights please check the terms of the license, or contact the publisher.

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: There is a paucity of epidemiological data on neck injury in amateur rugby union populations. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, severity, aetiology and type of neck injury in Australian men's amateur rugby union.Methods: Data was collected from a cohort of 262 participants from two Australian amateur men's rugby union clubs via a prospective cohort study design. A modified version of the Rugby Union Injury Report Form for Games and Training was used by the clubs physiotherapist or chiropractor in data collection.Results: The participants sustained 90 (eight recurrent) neck injuries. Exposure time was calculated at 31143.8 hours of play (12863.8 hours of match time and 18280 hours of training). Incidence of neck injury was 2.9 injuries/1000 player-hours (95{\%}CI: 2.3, 3.6). As a consequence 69.3{\%} neck injuries were minor, 17{\%} mild, 6.8{\%} moderate and 6.8{\%} severe. Neck compression was the most frequent aetiology and was weakly associated with severity. Cervical facet injury was the most frequent neck injury type.Conclusions: This is the first prospective cohort study in an amateur men's rugby union population since the inception of professionalism that presents injury rate, severity, aetiology and injury type data for neck injury. Current epidemiological data should be sought when evaluating the risks associated with rugby union football.",
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Incidence, severity, aetiology and type of neck injury in men's amateur rugby union : a prospective cohort study. / Swain, Michael S.; Pollard, Henry P.; Bonello, Rod.

In: Chiropractic and Osteopathy, Vol. 18, 18, 01.07.2010, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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