Increasing the transparency of compact flexible antennas using defected ground structure for unobtrusive wearable technologies

Abu Sadat Md. Sayem*, Karu Esselle, Raheel M. Hashmi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, new designs of optically transparent wearable antennas have been presented. The explored antennas have the excellent features of high flexibility, small size, low specific absorption rate (SAR) and high optical transparency. The proposed antennas are realised by utilising highly flexible, optically transparent and low-cost materials. For achieving compactness in antenna dimension and for improved transparency, square-ring-shaped radiator is used in the antenna design. To improve the efficiency and gain of the square-ring patch antennas, a new technique is proposed in this paper. The proposed technique utilises a strip line that connects the middle of the two opposite sides of the ring. Full ground plane is used in antenna design to reduce the back radiation. However, full ground plane reduces optical transparency. To elevate optical transparency without affecting antenna's back radiation significantly, a new technique of defected ground structure is investigated in this study. With this defected ground structure, the optical transparency is improved by about 6% without significantly compromising the SAR. The compatibility of the proposed antennas for wearable applications are investigated by examining the performances on flat and bent phantoms. Moreover, the robustness of the antennas are studied by subjecting the prototypes to multiple bending operations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1869-1877
Number of pages9
JournalIET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation
Volume14
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2020

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