Individual differences in cognitive processes

Robert A. Goldberg*, Steven Schwartz, Manard Stewart

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    67 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Studied the effects of verbal ability and sex on performance in a simultaneous matching task. The 537 undergraduates who participated were administered the verbal battery of the Lorge-Thorndike Intelligence Test. Ss with high-verbal ability (high verbals) were much faster than Ss with low-verbal ability (low verbals) in making taxonomic category identity matches and homophone identity matches. Results suggest that verbal ability is related to the speed of retrieval from long-term memory. In addition, high verbals were faster in making physical identity word matches, suggesting that either lexicographically coded information stored in long-term memory is used in such a task or that verbal ability is also related to the speed of retrieval from short-term memory. As expected, males did not differ from females in the time they required to perform any of the matching tasks, although males made slightly more errors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9-14
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
    Volume69
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 1977

    Keywords

    • homophone identity &
    • physical identity word matches, college students
    • sex, speed of taxonomic category &
    • verbal ability &

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