Individual ranging behaviour patterns in commercial free-range layers as observed through RFID tracking

Hannah Larsen, Greg M. Cronin, Sabine G. Gebhardt-Henrich, Carolynn L. Smith, Paul H. Hemsworth, Jean-Loup Rault

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


In this exploratory study, we tracked free-range laying hens on two commercial flocks with Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology with the aim to examine individual hen variation in range use. Three distinct outdoor zones were identified at increasing distances from the shed; the veranda [0–2.4 m], close range [2.4–11.4 m], and far range [>11.4 m]. Hens’ movements between these areas were tracked using radio frequency identification technology. Most of the hens in both flocks (68.6% in Flock A, and 82.2% in Flock B) accessed the range every day during the study. Of the hens that accessed the range, most hens accessed all three zones (73.7% in Flock A, and 84.5% in Flock B). Hens spent half of their time outdoors in the veranda area. Within-individual consistency of range use (daily duration and frequency) varied considerably, and hens which were more consistent in their daily range use spent more time on the range overall (p < 0.001). Understanding variation within and between individuals in ranging behaviour may help elucidate the implications of ranging for laying hens.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2017

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2017. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • free range
  • radio frequency identification
  • individual
  • variation
  • time budget
  • pasture
  • eggs
  • poultry


Dive into the research topics of 'Individual ranging behaviour patterns in commercial free-range layers as observed through RFID tracking'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this