Induction of meal-related symptoms as a novel mechanism of action of the duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve

Jessica J. McMaster, Graeme G. Rich, Erin R. Shanahan, Anh T. Do, Linda M. Fletcher, Marguerite J. Kutyla, Caroline Tallis, Mike P. Jones, Nicholas J. Talley, Graeme A. Macdonald, Veronique S. Chachay, Gerald J. Holtmann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Treatment with a duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve (DJBS) induces clinically significant weight loss, but little is known about the mechanisms of action of this device. Aim: The aim of this study was to characterize the mechanisms of action of the DJBS and determine the durability of weight loss and metabolic improvements. Materials and Methods: We studied a cohort of 19 subjects with severe obesity and type 2 diabetes (baseline body mass index: 43.7±5.3 kg/m2). Anthropometry, body composition, blood pressure, biochemical measures, and dietary intake were monitored for 48 weeks after DJBS implantation, and then for 1 year after device removal. Gastric emptying and triglyceride absorption were measured at baseline, 8 weeks after implant, and within 3 weeks of device explant. Visceral sensory function was assessed at baseline, 4 weeks after implant, and within 3 weeks after explant. Results: Significant weight loss (P<0.01) occurred following DJBS placement, with a mean weight reduction of 17.0±6.5% at 48 weeks. The symptom burden following a standardized nutrient challenge was increased after DJBS implantation (P<0.05), returning to baseline after DJBS removal. Neither gastric emptying nor triglyceride absorption changed with the device in situ. A significant reduction in energy intake was observed [baseline: 7703±2978 kJ (1841±712 kcal), 24 weeks: 4824±2259 kJ (1153±540 kcal), and 48 weeks: 4474±1468 kJ (1069±351 kcal)]. After 1 year, anthropometry remained significantly improved, but there was no durable impact on metabolic outcomes. Conclusions: DJBS treatment resulted in substantial weight loss. Weight loss is related to reduced caloric intake, which seems linked to an augmented upper gastrointestinal symptom response, but not altered fat absorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)528-535
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • bariatric endoscopy
  • obesity treatment
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Induction of meal-related symptoms as a novel mechanism of action of the duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this