Industry influenced evidence production in collaborative research communities

A network analysis

Adam G. Dunn*, Blanca Gallego, Enrico Coiera

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To measure the relative influence that industry authors have on collaborative research communities and evidence production. Study Design and Setting: Using 22 commonly prescribed drugs, 6,711 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and 28,104 authors, 22 collaboration networks were constructed and analyzed. The directly industry-affiliated (DIA) authors were identified in the networks according to their published affiliations. Measures of influence (network centrality) and impact (citations) were determined for every author. Network-level measures of community structure and collaborative preference were used to further characterize the groups. Results: Six percent (1,741 of 28,104) of authors listed a direct affiliation with the manufacturer of a drug evaluated in the RCT. These authors received significantly more citations (P < 0.05 in 19 networks) and were significantly more central in the networks (P < 0.05 in 20 networks). The networks show that DIA authors tend to have greater reach in the networks and collaborate more often with non-DIA authors despite a preference toward their own group. Potential confounders include publication bias, trial sizes, and conclusions. Conclusions: Industry-based authors are more central in their networks and are deeply embedded within highly connected drug research communities. As a consequence, they have the potential to influence information flow in the production of evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-543
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes

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