Infinite Shannon entropy

Valentina Baccetti, Matt Visser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Even if a probability distribution is properly normalizable, its associated Shannon (or von Neumann) entropy can easily be infinite. We carefully analyze conditions under which this phenomenon can occur. Roughly speaking, this happens when arbitrarily small amounts of probability are dispersed into an infinite number of states; we shall quantify this observation and make it precise. We develop several particularly simple, elementary, and useful bounds, and also provide some asymptotic estimates, leading to necessary and sufficient conditions for the occurrence of infinite Shannon entropy. We go to some effort to keep technical computations as simple and conceptually clear as possible. In particular, we shall see that large entropies cannot be localized in state space; large entropies can only be supported on an exponentially large number of states. We are for the time being interested in single-channel Shannon entropy in the information theoretic sense, not entropy in a stochastic field theory or quantum field theory defined over some configuration space, on the grounds that this simple problem is a necessary precursor to understanding infinite entropy in a field theoretic context.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberP04010
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

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