Influence of stroke-related impairments on performance in 6-minute walk test

Patricia S. Pohl*, Pamela W. Duncan, Subashan Perera, Wen Liu, Sue Min Lai, Stephanie Studenski, Jason Long

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Citations (Scopus)


The 6-minute walk test is a clinical measure of endurance, but it is not known if it is useful for individuals with mobility impairments secondary to stroke. Purposes of this study were to assess which stroke-related physical impairments influence performance in the 6-minute walk test and to evaluate if this test provides a measure of functional walking endurance after stroke. Seventy-two adults poststroke completed the 6-minute walk as part of baseline testing for a randomized intervention clinical trial. Pulse and blood pressure were taken before and after the walk. Subjects walked an average of 216 m in 6 minutes. The Fugl-Meyer lower-limb motor score and the Berg Balance score explained 45 percent of the variance in distance walked. Pulse and systolic blood pressure increased significantly with the 6-minute walk. Neuromuscular impairments poststroke contribute to diminished performance in the 6-minute walk test. Pulse and blood pressure pre- and posttesting can indicate cardiovascular stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-444
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of rehabilitation research and development
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Endurance
  • Gait

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    Pohl, P. S., Duncan, P. W., Perera, S., Liu, W., Lai, S. M., Studenski, S., & Long, J. (2002). Influence of stroke-related impairments on performance in 6-minute walk test. Journal of rehabilitation research and development, 39(4), 439-444.