Instance-based categorization

Automatic versus intentional forms of retrieval

Andrew Neal*, Beryl Hesketh, And Sally Andrews

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two experiments are reported which attempt to disentangle the relative contribution of intentional and automatic forms of retrieval to instance-based categorization. A financial decision-making task was used in which subjects had to decide whether a bank would approve loans for a series of applicants. Experiment 1 found that categorization was sensitive to instance-specific knowledge, even when subjects had practiced using a simple rule. L. L. Jacoby's (1991) process-dissociation procedure was adapted for use in Experiment 2 to infer the relative contribution of intentional and automatic retrieval processes to categorization decisions. The results provided (1) strong evidence that intentional retrieval processes influence categorization, and (2) some preliminary evidence suggesting that automatic retrieval processes may also contribute to categorization decisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-242
Number of pages16
JournalMemory & Cognition
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1995
Externally publishedYes

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