Instrumental learning in preschool children as a function of type of task, type of reward, and some organismic variables

Alex M. Clarke*, Linda L. Viney, Ian K. Waterhouse, Janice Lord

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects on instrumental behavior of differences in type of task, type of reward and three organismic variables were investigated in preschool children. The main results were that: (a) an imitative task was acquired in fewer trials than a nonimitative task; (b) social reward in acquisition led to greater resistance to extinction; (c) a history of frequent social reinforcement from peers led to persistence in responding during extinction for boys only; (d) extraversion was found to interact with the variables of task and reward in errors made during extinction; and (e) intelligence was not found to be a reliable predictor of main acquisition and extinction measures or related errors. Detailed analysis of the different types of errors contributed directly to the interpretation of these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1974

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