Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources

M. J. Collins, C. Xiong, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, B. J. Eggleton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The non-deterministic nature of photon sources is a key limitation for single-photon quantum processors. Spatial multiplexing overcomes this by enhancing the heralded single-photon yield without enhancing the output noise. Here the intrinsic statistical limit of an individual source is surpassed by spatially multiplexing two monolithic silicon-based correlated photon pair sources in the telecommunications band, demonstrating a 62.4% increase in the heralded single-photon output without an increase in unwanted multipair generation. We further demonstrate the scalability of this scheme by multiplexing photons generated in two waveguides pumped via an integrated coupler with a 63.1% increase in the heralded photon rate. This demonstration paves the way for a scalable architecture for multiplexing many photon sources in a compact integrated platform and achieving efficient two-photon interference, required at the core of optical quantum computing and quantum communication protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2582
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalNature Communications
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2013. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

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    Collins, M. J., Xiong, C., Rey, I. H., Vo, T. D., He, J., Shahnia, S., ... Eggleton, B. J. (2013). Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources. Nature Communications, 4, 1-7. [2582]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3582