Intentionality and Consciousness

R. Menary*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intentionality is usually defined as the directedness of the mind toward something other than itself. My desire for a cold beer is directed at the cold beer in front of me. Much of consciousness is intentional, my conscious experiences are usually directed at something. However, conscious experiences typically have a phenomenal character: there is something it is like for me to see the deep blue of the Pacific Ocean and to feel the warm water lapping over my feet, and to smell the briny breeze. An important question to answer concerning the relationship between intentionality and consciousness is whether all conscious states are intentional? Another question concerns the explanatory priority of intentionality and phenomenal character: Can phenomenal character be explained in terms of intentionality? Or is it the case that intentionality should be understood in terms of phenomenology? Philosophers from the analytic, phenomenological, and naturalistic traditions have all made important contributions to our understanding of intentionality and consciousness. Some philosophers, such as Dretske, think that our phenomenology is intentionally structured. Others, such as Horgan and Tienson think that intentionality is fundamentally determined by our phenomenology. This looks like an impasse; however it may well be resolved by a combination of contemporary accounts of representation combined with an embodied phenomenology.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Consciousness
EditorsWilliam P. Banks
Place of PublicationAmsterdam; Boston
PublisherElsevier
Pages417-429
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9780123738738
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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    Menary, R. (2009). Intentionality and Consciousness. In W. P. Banks (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Consciousness (pp. 417-429). Amsterdam; Boston: Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012373873-8.00041-4