Inter-individual differences in intra-individual variability in personality within and across contexts

Nadin Beckmann*, Damian P. Birney, Jens F. Beckmann, Robert E. Wood, Victor Sojo, David Bowman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This study focuses on intra-individual variability in personality at work, and how it relates to job performance. 288 professionals completed contextualised adjective-based personality assessments in work and non-work contexts, and a non-contextualised personality measure. Ratings of their personality were also obtained from colleagues, family members and friends. Supervisors provided performance ratings for 130 participants. Results indicate that personality is context- and source-dependent, and varies systematically within contexts intra-individually regardless of source. Whilst this variability was predictive of some performance criteria when based on other-ratings, overall predictive effects were small in number and size. This study adds to the relatively small body of research on personality variability and performance and contributes to the conceptualisation of personality as a dynamic construct.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103909
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Big Five
  • Contingent personality
  • Frame of reference (FOR)
  • Intra-individual variability
  • Job performance
  • Other-report
  • Within-person variability


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