Interacting Sources of Information in Word Naming

A Study of Individual Differences

Patrick Brown*, Stephen J. Lupker, Lucia Colombo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)


Hypothetically, words can be named by spelling-sound translation rules or by looking up a phonological code in a lexicon. Following J. Baron and C. Strawson (1976), naming performance was measured as a function of skill with each route, using sets of stimuli varying in reliance on either route. "Phoenicians" were defined to be better with rules than with look-up; "Chinese" were better at look-up than with rules. As predicted by J. Baron and C. Strawson, Phoenicians named low-frequency regular words and nonwords faster than Chinese. Contrary to predictions, Phoenicians were also faster at naming irregular words of various frequencies. Implications of these results for various dual-route models versus single-route models are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-554
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1994

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