Interactive effects of temperature and relative humidity on oviposition and development of Callosobruchus chinensis (L.) on azuki bean

Bishwo P. Mainali, Hyun Ju Kim, Chung Gyoo Park, Young Nam Yoon, Yeong Hoon Lee, In Hee Park, Hang Won Kang, Soon Do Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of three temperatures, 20 °C, 25 °C and 30 °C, and four relative humidity (RH) levels, 30–35%, 50–55%, 70–75%, and 90–95%, on oviposition and development of Callosobruchus chinensis (L.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) were investigated. C. chinensis were introduced to 30 g azuki bean seeds (cultivar Hongeon) one day post emergence. Five pairs of male and female beetles were used for each combination of temperature and RH, and replicated ten times. The introduced adults were allowed to lay eggs for 72 h. Temperature significantly influenced oviposition with increased number of eggs at 30 °C. Relative humidity had no effect on egg laying. Development time was affected by both temperature and RH. Development time was shortest at 30 °C and 70–75% RH. Adult emergence rate was affected by both temperature and RH; adult emergence rate increased with the increase in temperature and RH (up to 70–75%) levels. The results suggest that rather than the interactive effect of temperature and RH, individual effects of temperature and RH on C. chinensis are profound and C. chinensis is likely to cause greater damage to azuki bean seeds stored at 30 °C and 70–75% RH.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-50
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Stored Products Research
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • seed beetle
  • oviposition
  • developmental time
  • adult emergence
  • longevity

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