Interfacial toughness in polymer-layered laminar composites

Sheila Devasahayam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The investigation of the interfacial toughness of polymer layered laminar composites with two different approaches produced results differing by up to an order of magnitude and following opposite trends with respect to the strain rates. The flexural modulus and neutral axis of a constrained epoxy-adhesive layer bound to a painted metal substrate varied with the thickness of the adhesive layer. The adhesion energy depended on the rate at which the force was transmitted to the adhesion bonds-not just on the strength of the adhesion bonds-and on the concomitant strain hardening at high strain rates. As the strain rate and thickness of the polymer layer increased, the transition from a cohesive mode to an adhesive-cohesive (polymer-polymer interface) mode of debonding led to the observed high adhesion energy. The high adhesion energy and increased strain hardening were attributed to the formation of organic-inorganic composites and nanocomposites within the polymer matrix, which evolved as a result of the interactions between the metal oxide pigments and fillers with the polymer matrix during curing. Scission of the polymer chains at the interface was proposed to be the predominant fracture mechanism; it was based on the high relaxation time (similar to10(17) s) and the high activation energy (similar to175 kJ mol(-1)). (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3822-3835
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume42
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • activation energy
  • adhesion
  • chain scission
  • coatings
  • cohesion
  • composites
  • mechanical properties
  • metal-polymer complexes
  • modulus
  • peel test
  • relaxation time
  • thin films
  • variable-radius roll adhesion test (VaRRAT)
  • THIN-FILMS
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • RESIDUAL-STRESSES
  • GLASS-TRANSITION
  • ADHESION
  • STRENGTH
  • SYSTEMS
  • MODULUS
  • PAINT
  • CHALK

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