Internationalization challenges for SMEs: evidence and theoretical extension

Ashna Ashwini Chandra, Justin Paul, Meena Chavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The paper aims to examine new research on the internationalization of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Pacific Island Nation country Fiji.

Design/methodology/approach: A multiple case qualitative method was used which adopted a purposeful sampling methodology through semi-structured interviews to test propositions and present preliminary findings.

Findings: The authors find that, SME internationalization in Fiji is driven by management competence (MC) and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and is hindered by the unfavourable institutional environment. The authors then develop a conceptual model and propositions to further explore these enablers and the inhibitors of Fiji SME internationalization. The authors’ findings have important implications for managers in improving their firms’ international performance.

Originality/value: This is a pioneering effort to evaluate the relationship between the factors of EO, MC and institutional distance and their impact on the international performance of SMEs. This paper contributes to the existing literature on international entrepreneurship through the examination of SMEs’ internationalization activities in Fiji.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-344
Number of pages29
JournalEuropean Business Review
Issue number2
Early online date29 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2021


  • Fiji
  • Internationalization
  • Entrepreneurial orientation
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises
  • Management competence
  • Institutional distance


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