Effective interpersonal coordination is fundamental to robust social interaction, and the ability to anticipate a co-actor’s behavior is essential for achieving this coordination. However, coordination research has focused on the behavioral synchrony that occurs between the simple periodic movements of co-actors and, thus, little is known about the anticipation that occurs during complex, everyday interaction. Research on the dynamics of coupled neurons, human motor control, electrical circuits, and laser semiconductors universally demonstrates that small temporal feedback delays are necessary for the anticipation of chaotic events. We therefore investigated whether similar feedback delays would promote anticipatory behavior during social interaction. Results revealed that co-actors were not only able to anticipate others’ chaotic movements when experiencing small perceptual-motor delays, but also exhibited movement patterns of equivalent complexity. This suggests that such delays, including those within the human nervous system, may enhance, rather than hinder, the anticipatory processes that underlie successful social interaction.
|Title of host publication||CogSci 2015|
|Subtitle of host publication||Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society|
|Place of Publication||Austin, TX|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Event||Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (37th : 2015) - Pasadena, United States|
Duration: 22 Jul 2015 → 25 Jul 2015
|Conference||Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (37th : 2015)|
|Period||22/07/15 → 25/07/15|
Washburn, A., Kallen, R., Coey, C. A., Shockley, K. D., & Richardson, M. J. (2017). Interpersonal anticipatory synchronization: the facilitating role of short visual-motor feedback delays. In CogSci 2015: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2619-2624). Austin, TX.