Intracranial hypertension after traumatic brain injury

Ian Seppelt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury is a devastating problem with both high mortality and high subsequent morbidity. Injury to the brain occurs both at the time of the initial trauma (the primary injury) and subsequently due to ongoing cerebral ischaemia (the secondary injury). Hypotension and hypoxaemia are well recognized causes of this secondary injury. In the intensive care unit raised intracranial pressure (intracranial hypertension) is seen frequently after a severe diffuse brain injury and leads to cerebral ischaemia by compromising cerebral perfusion. This paper reviews the pathophysiology of intracranial hypertension and summarises current and experimental approaches to its management in the intensive care unit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-126
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2004

Keywords

  • Brain injury
  • Cerebral perfusion
  • Decompressive craniectomy
  • Head injury
  • Intracranial pressure

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