autonomy and independence in language learning

Phil Benson*, Peter Voller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingForeword/postscript/introduction

11 Citations (Scopus)


This introduction presents an overview of key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book explores the discourses and applications of autonomy and independence for language learning and examines where the concepts have come from and where they are going. It shows that there are different versions of autonomy and independence and different ways of implementing them, and that each way leads into fields of debate where widely accepted assumptions about language teaching and language learning are open to question. Although autonomy and independence have deep historical roots in both western and eastern philosophies, it is primarily in their western form that we know of them in language education. The promotion of autonomy in language learning has links to developments elsewhere in the field of education and has been sustained and nourished by innovative work in the field of self-directed learning and self-access.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAutonomy and independence in language learning
EditorsPhil Benson, Peter Voller
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781317888086
ISBN (Print)9781138152410, 9780582289925
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameApplied linguistics and language study

Bibliographical note

First Published 1997 by Longman; eBook Published: 6 June 2014 by Taylor and Francis; hardback published 2016 by Routledge

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  • Cite this

    Benson, P., & Voller, P. (1997). Introduction: autonomy and independence in language learning. In P. Benson, & P. Voller (Eds.), Autonomy and independence in language learning (pp. 1-12). (Applied linguistics and language study). New York: Longman.