Inversion of the unrealistic optimism bias contributes to overestimation of threat in obsessive-compulsive disorder

Steffen Moritz*, Lena Jelinek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Overestimation of threat (OET) is ascribed a pathogenetic role in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Aims: We hypothesized that OCD patients overestimate their personal but not the average risk for OCD-related events. Specifically, an attenuation of the common unrealistic optimism bias (UO) was expected for OCD patients. UO refers to the phenomenon that the subjective likelihood to personally experience a positive event is enhanced compared to other persons and vice versa for negative events. Method: Fifty-three participants with OCD as well as 40 healthy and 23 psychiatric controls participated in an internet survey. They were asked several questions about different event types (positive, negative, and OCD-related): the probability that this event will happen to oneself (block 1), to another person (block 2), comparison between oneself versus another person (block 3), appraisal of consequences (block 4), and prior encounters with event (block 5). Results: No evidence was obtained in OCD to overestimate the overall probability of negative or OCD-related events. However, whereas healthy participants displayed an UO bias, OCD participants perceived themselves as more vulnerable to experience OCD-related events. Conclusions: Results indicate that OCD is associated with inflated personal vulnerability and that this bias is not fully available to the consciousness of OCD participants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-193
Number of pages15
JournalBehavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Overestimation of threat
  • Unrealistic optimism

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