Investigating dynamics of the spinal cord injury adjustment model: mediation model analysis

Ashley Craig*, Yvonne Tran, Mohit Arora, Ilaria Pozzato, James W. Middleton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
26 Downloads (Pure)


Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a severe neurological injury that results in damage to multiple bodily systems. SCI rehabilitation requires a significant focus on improving adjustment to the injury. This paper presents a detailed description of the Spinal Cord Injury Adjustment Model (SCIAM), which clarifies how individuals adjust to SCI and contends that adjustment to SCI is a multifactorial process involving non-linear dynamic adaptation over time. Evidence supporting SCIAM is also discussed. Mediation analyses were conducted to test the mediator dynamics proposed by the model. The analyses tested the relationship between two moderators (self-care and secondary health conditions), mediators (two self-efficacy items and appraisal of quality of life or QoL), and positive versus negative vitality/mental health as outcomes. Results showed that higher self-efficacy and perceived QoL was related to greater independence in self-care and reduced negative impacts of secondary health conditions. This study supported the mediation role of self-efficacy and other appraisals such as perceived QoL in enhancing self-care and buffering the negative impact of health challenges. In conclusion, it is important to employ a holistic model such as SCIAM to conceptualise and increase understanding of the process of adjustment following a severe neurological injury such as SCI.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4557
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2022. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • spinal cord injury
  • adjustment
  • mediation
  • rehabilitation
  • neurological injury
  • depression
  • vitality
  • mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigating dynamics of the spinal cord injury adjustment model: mediation model analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this