Investigating the influence of partner gaze on the relationship between interpersonal coordination and social anxiety

M. C. Macpherson, A. J. Brown, R. W. Kallen, M. J. Richardson, L. K. Miles

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

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Abstract

Interpersonal coordination is a key determinant of successful social interaction but is disrupted for people who experience social anxiety. Effective coordination rests on individuals directing their attention toward others, an effect well-documented in previous literature. Yet, little research has considered the concurrent behaviour of interaction partners. Using a novel virtual reality task, we investigated how partner gaze (i.e., direct vs. averted) influenced the emergence of interpersonal coordination. The results revealed two novel effects: (i) spontaneous coordination was diminished in the averted (cf. direct) gaze condition; (ii) spontaneous coordination was positively related to symptoms of social anxiety, but only when partner gaze was averted. This latter finding contrasts the extant literature and points to interaction intensity as a factor governing the social anxiety-coordination association. More broadly, this work provides further evidence that emergent patterns of interpersonal coordination fluctuate as a function of changes in social context and the behaviour of others.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
EditorsM. Goldwater, F. K. Anggoro, B. K. Hayes, D. C. Ong
Place of PublicationSeattle, WA
PublisherCognitive Science Society
Pages1840-1847
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventAnnual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (45th : 2023) - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 26 Jul 202330 Jul 2023

Publication series

NameAnnual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
Volume45
ISSN (Electronic)1069-7977

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (45th : 2023)
Country/TerritoryAustralia
CitySydney
Period26/07/2330/07/23

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2023. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • interpersonal coordination
  • social anxiety
  • gaze behaviour
  • virtual reality

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