Graphene oxide (GO) membranes with precisely controlled nanopores are promising for selectively ionic separation. Here, an ion beam was used to efficiently and simply post-modify GO membranes, creating nanopores in a controllable manner. We compared the influence of GO membrane thickness and ion fluence on the GO structure and the consequent mono-/di-valent metal ion separation performance. Experimental results indicate all GO membranes exhibited improved K+ selectivity with respect to other ions after ion beam irradiation. Moreover, the K+ ion permeability of the optimal membranes is up to 1.4 × 10−3 mol m−2 h−1 and the membrane shows extremely high K+ separation factor to di-valent ions. Remarkably, this method could be used as an in-situ post-treatment for pre-assembled GO membranes. We believe that this strategy offers novel insights into fabricating nanoporous membranes constructed by two-dimensional nanomaterials for a variety of fields including energy, desalination and biomedical applications.
- Graphene oxide
- Ion beam
- Ion sieving
Wei, Y., Pastuovic, Z., Shen, C., Murphy, T., & Gore, D. B. (2020). Ion beam engineered graphene oxide membranes for mono-/divalent metal ions separation. Carbon, 158, 598-606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2019.11.031