Prochlorococcus marinus nov. gen. nov. sp.

an oxyphototrophic marine prokaryote containing divinyl chlorophyll a and b

Sallie W. Chisholm*, Sheila L. Frankel, Ralf Goericke, Robert J. Olson, Brian Palenik, John B. Waterbury, Lisa West-Johnsrud, Erik R. Zettler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

311 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several years ago, prochlorophyte picoplankton were discovered in the N. Atlantic. They have since been found to be abundant within the euphotic zone of the world's tropical and temperate oceans. The cells are extremely small, lack phycobiliproteins, and contain divinyl chlorophyll a and b as their primary photosynthetic pigments. Phylogenies constructed from DNA sequence data indicate that these cells are more closely related to a cluster of marine cyanobacteria than to their prochlorophyte 'relatives' Prochlorothrix and Prochloron. Several strains of this organism have recently been brought into culture, and herewith are given the name Prochlorococcus marinus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-300
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Microbiology
Volume157
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • prokaryote
  • prochlorophyte
  • Prochlorococcus marinus
  • cyanobacteria
  • picoplankton
  • molecular phylogeny
  • divinyl chlorophyll

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  • Cite this

    Chisholm, S. W., Frankel, S. L., Goericke, R., Olson, R. J., Palenik, B., Waterbury, J. B., ... Zettler, E. R. (1992). Prochlorococcus marinus nov. gen. nov. sp. an oxyphototrophic marine prokaryote containing divinyl chlorophyll a and b. Archives of Microbiology, 157(3), 297-300. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00245165