Islamic Religiosity and Auditors’ Judgments: Evidence from Pakistan

Nazia Adeel, Chris Patel, Nonna Martinov-Bennie, Sammy Ying

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We extend the literature by providing evidence that a cultural variable, intrinsic Islamic religiosity is important in understanding auditors’ judgment in the Islamic context of Pakistan. The intrinsic Islamic religiosity theoretical construct examined is Islamic Worldview (IW) which represents deeply held enduring and stable values which are likely to be dominant in influencing professionals’ judgments. Moreover, theoretical underpinning and empirical evidence in social psychology and organisational behaviour have established the critical role of intrinsic religiosity in influencing behaviour. Our first objective is to examine whether IW impacts auditors’ judgments in the context of their acceptance of uncorroborated low reliability client-provided evidence. Understanding the potential impact of cultural factors on auditors’ acceptance of client-provided information is an essential factor in improving audit quality. Our findings support the hypothesis that auditors with high (low) IW scores are more (less) likely to accept uncorroborated low reliability client-provided evidence. Our second objective is to examine the relationship between IW and auditors’ preference for exercising more or less judgments. Examining this topic is important because auditing is a judgment-based process: auditors’ judgments determine audit quality and, by extension, the quality of associated financial reports. Our findings provide overall support for the hypothesis that auditors with high (low) IW scores have a preference for exercising more (less) judgment. Our findings have implications for global and national standard setters, regulators, practitioners, and researchers. The results are also relevant to global audit firms and their affiliates, particularly networks operating in Islamic countries, in ensuring global consistency of audits.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberEMID:ed0556b685195854
Pages (from-to)1-58
Number of pages58
JournalJournal of business ethics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jul 2021


  • Auditors’ judgment, Intrinsic Islamic religiosity, Preference for judgment

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