Island flap perineoplasty decreases the incidence of wound breakdown following overlapping anterior sphincter repair

B. Draganic, A. A. Eyers, Michael J. Solomon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. Overlapping anterior sphincter repair is the accepted treatment for faecal incontinence resulting from sphincter disruption, however, wound breakdown has been reported to occur in up to 30% of patients. The aim of this study was to assess whether the type of wound closure affected the incidence of wound breakdown, and in particular whether island flap perineoplasty decreased this incidence. Methods. An historical control study was performed evaluating wound outcomes in patients undergoing different methods of wound closure after sphincter repair. Data were obtained from a prospectively collected database. Results. 85 patients who underwent overlapping sphincter repair were studied. Five patients had their wounds left open to heal by granulation. Of the remaining 80 patients, wound dehiscence occurred in 33 patients (41%). When wound breakdown did occur, the mean time to healing was 9.1 weeks. Wound dehiscence was found to occur significantly less frequently in patients having an island flap perineoplasty than in those having other forms of wound closure (15 vs 54%; P = 0.0015). The presence of a complex injury such as cloacal defect or recto-vaginal fistula was also found to increase the incidence of wound breakdown, however, performing additional operations at the time of sphincter repair such as levator-plasty, gynaecological procedures or defunctioning colostomy did not affect the incidence of wound disruption. Conclusions. Wound disruption following overlapping anterior sphincter repair occurs in a significant proportion of patients and results in prolonged healing. Island flap perineoplasty significantly decreases the incidence of wound disruption in comparison to other forms of wound closure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-391
Number of pages5
JournalColorectal Disease
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anterior sphincter repair
  • Island flap perineoplasty
  • Wound dehiscence

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