Jarvis' existential learning model: making it work

Harald Bergsteiner, Gayle C. Avery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Although it is widely recognized that individuals learn in different ways, there is some disagreement on the paths learners take. Responding to Kolb’s (1984) Experiential Learning Model, Jarvis proposed an Existential Learning Model to identify multiple routes that learners use. Examining Jarvis’ model critically reveals some problems: the model does not reflect either its supporting text or sound modeling practices and conventions, is subject to an error in discourse, and fails to depict the specific learning routes that Jarvis’ own research identified. This paper develops Jarvis’ model to align it with the theory, clearly depicts learning routes, and proposes a more logical and effective model that aligns with modeling theorists’ criteria.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-59
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of college teaching and learning
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Publisher. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • experiential learning
  • learning model
  • learning theory
  • graphical modeling


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