Justice matters: peace negotiations, stable agreements, and durable peace

Daniel Druckman, Lynn Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Attaining durable peace (DP) after a civil war has proven to be a major challenge, as many negotiated agreements lapse into violence. How can negotiations to terminate civil wars be conducted and peace agreements formulated to contribute to lasting peace? This question is addressed in this study with a novel data set. Focusing on justice, we assess relationships between process (procedural justice [PJ]) and outcome (distributive justice [DJ]) justice on the one hand and stable agreements (SA) and DP on the other. Analyses of fifty peace agreements, which were reached from 1957 to 2008, showed a path from PJ to DJ to SA to DP: The justice variables were instrumental in enhancing both short- and long-term peace. These variables had a stronger impact on DP than a variety of contextual- and case-related factors. The empirical link between justice and peace has implications for the way that peace negotiations are structured.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-316
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Conflict Resolution
Issue number2
Early online date13 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019


  • distributive justice
  • durable peace
  • peace agreements
  • procedural justice
  • stable agreements

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