Kashmir imbroglio: geostrategic and religious imperatives

Dalbir Ahlawat, Satish Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Kashmir issue has been ongoing since the Partition of India in 1947. Notwithstanding several confidence-building measures, wars, and low intensity clashes, the conflict persists. The Kashmiri people have a distinct identity (Kashmiriyat) and, as such, have historically favored secularism and multiculturalism rather than the communalism championed by Pakistan and Islamabad’s local proxies. Furthermore, the Kashmiri perception about Pakistan’s budging during the Kargil War and abandonment of the Taliban for Islamabad’s own opportunistic gains has raised apprehensions about the reliability of Pakistan even among those sympathetic toward its regional aspirations. Pakistan’s policy toward Kashmir lacks continuity and coherency and demonstrates duality and duplicity. India, on the other hand, since the dilution of the Kashmiriyat and New Delhi’s fiddling with the electoral machinery, has developed a distinct trust deficit with the Kashmiri people. A viable solution would be to convert the LoC into an international border, allowing a one-off movement of residents across the border without altering the border, totally sealing the border, and opening several controlled entry points. The two countries should also commit to non-interference in the internal affairs of each other.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Pages (from-to)59-82
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Indo-Pacific Affairs
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2019


  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Terrorism
  • Geostrategy
  • Religion
  • Conflict
  • India
  • Pakistan
  • Security


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