This chapter presents the results of three seasons of pedestrian surface survey in the Kazanlak study area conducted by the Tundzha Regional Archaeology Project (TRAP), covering an area of 86 sq km. Survey strategies were applied adaptively depending on ground visibility, and survey efficiency increased during each season. Archaeological remains included 82 surface artefact concentrations and 773 burial mounds. The sizes of artefact concentrations show the dominance of small, < 1 ha examples. The recovery rate of nearly one artefact concentration per sq km indicates the high survey productivity of the Kazanlak study area, despite the adverse effect of post-depositional processes on the valley floor. Direct comparison of recovery rates with other studies is difficult due to the lack of compatible datasets from other parts of Bulgaria. The density of burial mounds is high compared to parallels in Lydia, and is exceeded only by Bronze Age mound necropoleis of Bahrain and similar in Eurasia. The size profile of the burial mounds in Kazanlak favours mounds less than 1 m high due to a local anomaly, the Gorno Sahrane necropolis, consisting of nearly 400 small mounds. The data also shows that the preservation of mounds is affected not only by mound size, but also surrounding land use, with mounds in pasturelands best preserved.
|Title of host publication||The Tundzha Regional Archaeology Project|
|Subtitle of host publication||Surface Survey, Palaeoecology, and Associated Studies in Central and Southeast Bulgaria, 2009-2015 Final Report|
|Editors||Shawn Ross, Adela Sobotkova, Georgi Nekhrizov, Julia Tzvetkova, Simon Connor|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
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- burial mounds
- intensive survey efficiency
- site definition
- site recovery rates
- surface concentrations
Sobotkova, A., & Ross, S. (2018). Kazanlak survey results. In S. Ross, A. Sobotkova, G. Nekhrizov, J. Tzvetkova, & S. Connor (Eds.), The Tundzha Regional Archaeology Project: Surface Survey, Palaeoecology, and Associated Studies in Central and Southeast Bulgaria, 2009-2015 Final Report (pp. 66-81). Oxford: Oxbow Books.