Language, embodiment, and the cognitive niche

Andy Clark*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

265 Citations (Scopus)


Embodied agents use bodily actions and environmental interventions to make the world a better place to think in. Where does language fit into this emerging picture of the embodied, ecologically efficient agent? One useful way to approach this question is to consider language itself as a cognition-enhancing animal-built structure. To take this perspective is to view language as a kind of self-constructed cognitive niche: a persisting but never stationary material scaffolding whose crucial role in promoting thought and reason remains surprisingly poorly understood. It is the very materiality of this linguistic scaffolding, I suggest, that gives it some key benefits. By materializing thought in words, we create structures that are themselves proper objects of perception, manipulation, and (further) thought.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-374
Number of pages5
JournalTrends in Cognitive Sciences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Language, embodiment, and the cognitive niche'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this