In a review of research on the effectiveness of formal foreign language instruction, Ellis (2008: 855) observes that acquisition probably proceeds most rapidly through a combination of form-focused instruction and exposure to the target language. He also suggests that in studies that have compared classroom learners with ŉaturalistic’ learners, we can not be sure whether the advantages for classroom learners are due to formal instruction or access to comprehensible input in classroom language. While the jury remains out on the effectiveness of language instruction, the wise language learner might be well advised to seek out a combination of instruction and exposure to language input (Krashen 1985), as well as opportunities to produce language output (Swain 1985).
|Title of host publication||Beyond the language classroom|
|Editors||Phil Benson, Hayo Reinders|
|Place of Publication||Basingstoke, UK|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2011|