Abdominal rectopexy for patients with rectal prolapse is well suited for performance laparoscopically because no resection or anastomosis is necessary, with potential benefits being a decrease in postoperative pain, better cosmesis, and an earlier return to normal activity. PURPOSE: Objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of laparoscopic abdominal rectopexy using a solitary spiked chromium staple to fix the mesh to the sacrum and to compare initial results with consecutive previous abdominal rectopexies (historical control study). METHODS: Duration of operation (anesthetic plus surgery), the day a solid diet was first tolerated, day of discharge, and patient morphine requirements in the first 48 hours were documented prospectively for the laparoscopic group and retrospectively from medical records for an open abdominal rectopexy group. RESULTS: Laparoscopic rectopexy group had lower morphine requirements when using patient-controlled analgesia (mean, 38.2 vs. 100.6 mg; P < 0.02), an earlier tolerance of solid diet (mean, 2.7 vs. 5.8 days; P < 0.001), and an earlier discharge from the hospital (mean, 6.3 vs. 11.0 days; P < 0.01). Operating time was longer for the laparoscopic group (mean, 198 vs. 130 minutes; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic rectopexy is feasible, may have benefits in reducing postoperative pain, and may aid earlier return to normal diet and activity. Given the inherent bias of a historical control study, a randomized controlled study has commenced to confirm these results.