BACKGROUND: A laparoscopic spleen preserving surgical approach is preferred for the management of symptomatic non-parasitic splenic cysts. The aim of this study was to review our experience with managing this rare presentation.
METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases of splenic cysts was performed over a 10-year period (2001-2011). Demographic data, clinical history, investigations, operative details and the outcome of each case were reviewed with an emphasis on patients who underwent laparoscopic stapled cyst excision.
RESULTS: Eleven cases were identified. Seven patients were managed surgically; six by laparoscopic stapled cyst excision and one by open excision of remnant splenic tissue. Laparoscopic management was successful in all six cases and radiological and clinical follow-up (median: 28 months) revealed no evidence of cyst recurrence in five of six cases. One patient developed an asymptomatic, non-progressing and small recurrent anterior cyst and she continues to be observed.
CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic stapled splenic cyst excision can be performed safely and is particularly effective for large superficial non-parasitic cysts. This technique allows spleen preservation with a low cyst recurrence rate. However, it may not be suitable for deeper intraparenchymal splenic cysts. Further studies are required to refine the management of specific subtypes of non-parasitic splenic cysts.
- spleen preservation
- splenic cyst