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Edge computing emerges as a promising paradigm to decentralize computation power to the edge of the network and thus improve user experience by task offloading. A user can perfectly schedule his tasks to be executed on edge servers if the execution time of all tasks can be known beforehand. However, it is difficult to know the task execution time (TET) before performing actual offloading, which normally varies on edge servers with different software and hardware configurations. Moreover, such configuration information is not always available to end users due to security concerns. In this paper, we first propose a learning-driven algorithm to accurately predict TETs of all tasks in such an asymmetrically informed edge computing environment. The basic idea is to predict unknown TETs using only a small sampled set of TETs by exploiting the underlying correlation between TETs and edge server configurations. Next, we formulate the problem of task offloading into a constrained optimization problem, which is unfortunately proved to be NP-hard. To address the above challenge, we design a task offloading algorithm, called Maximum Efficiency First Ordered (MEFO), to achieve near-optimal efficiency. Field measurements and experiments have been conducted to demonstrate that our proposed learning-driven algorithm can predict TETs more accurately than other algorithms as long as the fraction of sampled TETs is larger than a small predefined threshold, and our proposed MEFO algorithm achieves a much higher success rate of task offloading and a shorter processing delay with very limited information of edge servers.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2019|
- Asymmetric information
- edge computing
- low rank learning
- task execution time (TET)
- task offloading
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