Life-cycle environmental impact assessment of mineral industries

Shahjadi Hisan Farjana, Nazmul Huda, M. A. Parvez Mahmud

Research output: Contribution to journalConference paperpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
608 Downloads (Pure)


Mining is the extraction and processing of valuable ferro and non-ferro metals and minerals to be further used in manufacturing industries. Valuable metals and minerals are extracted from the geological deposits and ores deep in the surface through complex manufacturing technologies. The extraction and processing of mining industries involve particle emission to air or water, toxicity to the environment, contamination of water resources, ozone layer depletion and most importantly decay of human health. Despite all these negative impacts towards sustainability, mining industries are working throughout the world to facilitate the employment sector, economy and technological growth. The five most important miners in the world are South Africa, Russia, Australia, Ukraine, Guinea. The mining industries contributes to their GDP significantly. However, the most important issue is making the mining world sustainable thus reducing the emissions. To address the environmental impacts caused by the mining sectors, this paper is going to analyse the environmental impacts caused by the 5 major minerals extraction processes, which are bauxite, ilmenite, iron ore, rutile and uranium by using the life-cycle impact assessment technologies. The analysis is done here using SimaPro software version 8.4 using ReCipe, CML and Australian indicator method.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012016
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2018
EventInternational Conference on Reliability Engineering (ICRE 2017) (2nd : 2017) - Milan, Italy
Duration: 20 Dec 201722 Dec 2017
Conference number: 2nd

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