Lignosulfonate adsorption on and stabilization of lead zirconate titanate in aqueous suspension

K. R. Ratinac, O. C. Standard*, P. J. Bryant

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)


The adsorption of lignosulfonate onto a commercial, modified lead zirconate titanate (PZT-PNN) powder in aqueous suspension and its effect on particle zeta potential and suspension rheology were investigated as functions of pH and lignosulfonate dosage. Langmuir analysis of the adsorption data demonstrated that a significant component of the overall driving force of adsorption at all pH values examined was specific (nonelectrostatic) bonding. Electrostatic bonding provided a significant contribution to adsorption at pH 6.0, but diminished at lower pH owing to decreased lignosulfonate ionization and at higher pH due to decreased positive surface site concentration on the PZT-PNN. The affinity of adsorption was highest at pH 6.0 because the electrostatic component was maximal at this pH. The zeta potential magnitude increased and the apparent viscosity decreased with increasing pH and increasing lignosulfonate dosage, up to approximately monolayer coverage. The lignosulfonate dosage required for monolayer coverage decreased with increasing pH owing to increasing lignosulfonate expansion and the decrease in concentration of positive surface sites on the PZT-PNN. Suspension stabilization was considered to occur by an electrosteric mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-454
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2004
Externally publishedYes

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