Like a thunderstorm: storm-gods 'Sibitti' warriors from Highland Elam

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This study provides a new analysis and interpretation of a fragmentary Elamite bronze plaque found in the course of excavations conducted at the tell of Susa in the late 19th century and housed at the Musée du Louvre under inventory number Sb133. This unique artefact includes the representation in relief of seven idealised warriors in the guise of storm-gods integrated into a background covered by an Elamite inscription. According to this investigation, the bronze plaque should be situated within a 9th-8th century BCE highland artistic tradition portraying an exceptional version of Elamite sibitti protective spirits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-46
Number of pages30
JournalAION : Annali dell'Università degli Studi di Napoli "L'Orientale"
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Elam
  • Susa
  • Storm-gods
  • Archers
  • Bronze


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