Lingual configuration of Australian English /l/

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    English /l/ is a multi-gestural segment produced with dorsal retraction and lowering and a central alveolar closure. The coordination of antagonistic coronal and dorsal gestures prototypically results in lingual elongation. Although intergestural coordination in laterals has been widely studied, less is known about articulatory configuration in Australian English /l/ —a dialect characterised by coda /l/-lenition. We explored tongue elongation as a potential metric of /l/-lenition. The timecourse of lingual elongation was examined in laterals produced by two Australian English speakers using electromagnetic articulography. Tongue elongation was greater in onsets and codas containing laterals compared to onsets and codas containing /d/. Coda laterals showed less elongation than onset laterals. Quantifying lingual elongation can potentially differentiate onset /l/ from lenited or vocalised /l/ across a variety of vocalic and consonantal contexts by capturing a key characteristic of /l/ in environments where coronal and dorsal gestures are often unmeasurable.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
    EditorsSasha Calhoun, Paola Escudero, Marija Tabain , Paul Warren
    Place of PublicationCanberra
    PublisherAustralasian Speech Science and Technology Association (ASSTA)
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Electronic)9780646800691
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    EventInternational Congress of Phonetic Sciences (19th : 2019) - Melbourne, Australia
    Duration: 5 Aug 20199 Aug 2019


    ConferenceInternational Congress of Phonetic Sciences (19th : 2019)
    Abbreviated titleICPhS2019


    • laterals
    • goals of /l/ articulation
    • /l/- vocalisation
    • Australian English


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