Linguistic abstraction and hearing handicap. Ronnberg, J., Ohngren, G. and Lyxell, B. (Department of Education and Psychology, Linkoping University, Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, and Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden). Scand Audiol 1987, 16 (95-99). The present study aimed at studying compensatory cognitive functions in the profoundly hearing-impaired. Bransford & Franks’ (1971) linguistic abstraction paradigm was employed as a means of testing the hypothesis that the profoundly hearing-impaired engage in a general meaning-abstraction strategy not necessary for the normal-hearing. Twenty profoundly hearing-impaired subjects and 20 normal-hearing subjects participated in the experiment and the results unequivocally supported the hypothesis. Clinical implications of the results are indicated and discussed in relation to speechreading tests and to training programs.