CDKN2A (9p21) and CDK4 (12q13) have been identified as melanoma susceptibility genes in certain familial melanoma (FM) kindreds. There remain other FM families, however, for which there is little or no evidence for linkage of melanoma to these loci. Other loci may be involved in susceptibility to this malignancy. Chromosome 6 is deleted or rearranged in 66% of melanomas and has been targeted by several studies in an attempt to identify chromosomal regions associated with initiation or progression of melanoma. Previous studies of familial melanoma and chromosome arm 6p reported evidence suggestive of linkage for markers flanking the HLA complex. We have carried out genetic linkage analysis in 14 Australian familial melanoma kindreds using 16 short tandem repeat polymorphism (STRP) markers spanning 6p23-6q27. Analysis by maximum likelihood and non-parametric (affected pedigree member) techniques showed no evidence of linkage of melanoma in this family set to chromosome 6 (two-point Z(max) = 0.5 at 0=0.2 for D6S285). Lod scores > 1.0 were obtained for the loci D6S285, D6S105, D6S265, D6S292, and D6S311 in three individual kindreds but these were insufficiently strong for formal heterogeneity testing to confirm that a chromosome 6-linked subset of families exists. These data imply little or no role for a major chromosome 6 melanoma susceptibility locus; however the possibility of such a locus remains open and warrants further investigation.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1997|