Objectives: To compare lipid profiles in HIV-infected adults receiving atazanavir-based regimens. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing atazanavir or atazanavir/ritonavir with a comparator and evaluated lipids at 48 weeks. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, LILACS, Current Controlled Trials, National Institutes of Health Clinical Trials Registry, trials at AIDSinfo and HIV conference proceedings to May 2009. Standardized mean difference (SMD) between study arms in change from baseline to week 48 in lipid parameters was determined weighted by study size and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: Nine eligible RCTs were identified (n=3346). SMDs (mmol/L) in four RCTs comparing atazanavir/ritonavir with a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor were: total cholesterol, -0.62 (95% CI -0.72, -0.51); low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, -0.31 (95% CI -0.44, -0.17); high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, -0.16 (95% CI -0.27, -0.06); non-HDL cholesterol, -0.58 (95% CI -0.69, -0.48); and triglycerides, -0.46 (95% CI -0.58, -0.34). Atazanavir compared with non-atazanavir (three RCTs) found lower total, LDL and non-HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides [SMD -0.87 mmol/L (95% CI -0.99, -0.76); -0.56 mmol/L (95% CI -0.67, -0.45); -0.88 mmol/L (95% CI -0.99, -0.76); and -0.56 mmol/L (95% CI -0.75, -0.36), respectively], but HDL cholesterol did not differ [-0.16 mmol/L (95% CI -0.49, 0.16)]. In the atazanavir/ritonavir versus atazanavir comparison (two RCTs), total [SMD 0.44 mmol/L (95% CI 0.23, 0.65)] and non-HDL cholesterol [SMD 0.44 mmol/L (95% CI 0.23, 0.65)] were higher, but HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides were not different. Conclusions: At 48 weeks, plasma lipid concentrations were lower with atazanavir/ritonavir than with other ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor regimens. Total and non-HDL cholesterol were higher with atazanavir/ritonavir than atazanavir alone.
- Antiretroviral therapy