Lithostratigraphy and U-Pb geochronology of the Telemark supracrustals in the Bandak-Sauland area, Telemark, south Norway

Kauko Laajoki*, Fernando Corfu, Tom Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    51 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Mesoproterozoic Telemark supracrustals in southern Norway have been subdivided into four groups: (1) the ca. 1500 Ma volcanic Rjukan group overlain by (2) the quartzite-dominated Seljord group, itself overlain by (3) the ca. 1160 Ma volcanic-sedimentary Bandak group in the west and by (4) the undated Heddal group in the east. New mapping and U-Pb work provide considerable refinement to this stratigraphy. The Ljosdalsvatnet porphyry near the base of the Bandak group has an age of 1155 ± 3 Ma age, but it overlies that part of the Seljord group, which was folded and eroded before deposition of the Bandak group. The Brunkeberg porphyry, which has previously been correlated to the Rjukan group, yields an identical age of 1155 ± 2 Ma. It is unconformably overlain by a quartzite, which has also been included into the Seljord group. This group must, therefore, consist of two separate successions separated by a period of folding, here referred to as the Vindeggen group (older) and the Lifjell group (younger). The former represents a thick, fluvial, shallow sea sandstone - intertidal heterolithic sequence, whereas the latter is composed of a relatively thin and mature beach-shoreline sandstone sequence. The unconformity between the groups is displayed by in situ weathering breccias and quartzite-clast conglomerates at Heksfjellet. The gneissic and supracrustal rocks southwest of Brunkeberg, previously mapped as the Vemork formation, do not belong to the Rjukan group, as they overlie the 1155 Ma Brunkeberg formation. The traditional Bandak group is subdivided into the Oftefiell (older), and Hnydalsmo (younger) groups separated by a major unconformity detected under the Roynstaul formation, and the Eidsborg formation (topmost). The Hoydalsmo group comprises the Dalaå porphyry that yields an age of 1150 ± 4 Ma. An unconformity has also been mapped under the Heddal group, which erodes both the Vindeggen and Lifjell groups. The Skogsåa porphyry, at the base of the Heddal group is dated at 1145 ± 4 Ma, bracketing the time of deposition of the Lifjell group between about 1155 Ma and 1145 Ma ago and making the Heddal group younger than the traditional Bandak rocks under the Dalaå formation. These data reflect a short-lived period of major tectonic activity accompanied by rifting and the generation of A-type intrusive bodies, probably related to an episode of mantle upwelling. There is also evidence for at least two erogenic or major deformation stages: (1) the older phase, which folded the Rjukan and Vindeggen groups prior to 1155 Ma, and (2) the younger phase post-dating 1145 Ma, which folded the Oftefjell, Hoydalsmo, Lifjell, and Heddal groups and the Brunkeberg and Eidsborg formations for the first time, and the Rjukan and Vindeggen groups for the second time.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)119-138
    Number of pages20
    JournalNorsk Geologisk Tidsskrift
    Volume82
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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