London: A dividing city, 2001–11?

David Manley*, Ron Johnston

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


There has been a recent debate regarding London's changing class structure and residential mosaic. Using census data for 2001 and 2011, this paper addresses key hypotheses in that debate regarding the expansion of the middle class and a consequent decline of the working class—both numerically and in the areas of the city where they dominate. The analyses falsify those hypotheses: London's working class did not decline over that decade, nor was there any marked shrinkage in the area where it dominated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-643
Number of pages11
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2014


  • class
  • London
  • residential concentration


Dive into the research topics of 'London: A dividing city, 2001–11?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this