Longitudinal predictors of reading and spelling across languages varying in orthographic consistency

George K. Georgiou, Minna Torppa, George Manolitsis, Heikki Lyytinen, Rauno Parrila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the longitudinal predictors of nonword decoding, reading fluency, and spelling in three languages that vary in orthographic depth: Finnish, Greek, and English. Eighty-two English-speaking, 70 Greek, and 88 Finnish children were followed from the age of 5.5 years old until Grade 2. Prior to any reading instruction, they were administered measures of phonological awareness, letter knowledge, and rapid naming speed. In Grade 2, they were administered measures of nonword decoding, text-reading fluency, and spelling. The results showed that the model for nonword decoding in Greek was similar to that of Finnish (both have consistent grapheme-to-phoneme mappings) while the model for spelling in Greek was similar to that of English (both have some inconsistent phoneme-to-grapheme mappings). In addition, the models for nonword decoding and spelling in Finnish were similar, because Finnish is consistent in both directions. Letter knowledge dominated the prediction in each language. The predictable role of orthographic consistency on literacy acquisition is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-346
Number of pages26
JournalReading and Writing
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cross-linguistic
  • letter knowledge
  • orthographic consistency
  • phonological awareness
  • rapid naming speed
  • reading
  • spelling

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Longitudinal predictors of reading and spelling across languages varying in orthographic consistency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this