Lu-Hf and geochemical systematics of recycled ancient oceanic crust

Evidence from Roberts Victor eclogites

D. E. Jacob*, M. Bizimis, V. J. Salters

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eclogites from the Roberts Victor mine, Kaapvaal craton are classic examples of subducted Achaean oceanic crust brought up as xenoliths by kimberlite. New in situ trace element and oxygen isotope data (δ18O=3.09 = 6.99‰ SMOW) presented here reemphasise their origin from seawater-altered plagioclase-rich precursors. Their Hf-Nd isotopic compositions are not in agreement with compositions predicted by geochemical modelling of the isotopic composition of aged subducted oceanic crust. Instead, Hf isotopic compositions are very heterogeneous, varying between 0.281625 and 0.355077 (-37.8 and +2561 εHf) at the time of kimberlite emplacement (128 Ma) in keeping with equally variable Nd isotopic compositions (0.511124-0.545092; -26.3 to +636 εNd). However, most samples plot on the terrestrial array. The isotopic compositions of some samples are too extreme to play a major role in mixed peridotite-eclogite melting in basalt source regions, whereas the isotopic composition of other samples is reconcilable with a contribution of up to ca. 15% of eclogite partial melt to the MORB source. Most importantly, our results show that ancient subducted oceanic crust is not isotopically homogeneous and should not be treated as a "component" or "reservoir" during geochemical modelling. The heterogeneity reflects radiogenic in-growth starting from small compositional heterogeneities in gabbroic protoliths, followed by modification during sea-floor alteration, subduction and emplacement into the subcratonic lithosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-720
Number of pages14
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Volume148
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes

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