In this paper, we present the results of research on a coastal lowland Holocene tidal flat sequence in order to explore the variations in magnetic mineralogy during the process of tidal flat sedimentation and subsequent land formation. Three cores (̃6min length) were collected from the coastal plain in Jiangsu Province, China, and investigated with magnetic measurements, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and free iron oxide (Fed) analyses. The tidal flat sequence shows a fining-upward trend, and the top ̃2 m of each core with redoximorphic feature was interpreted to be a salt marsh facies in origin. Unmixing of isothermal remanent magnetization acquisition curves identify magnetite and maghemite as well as high-coercivity hematite and goethite, with the latter iron oxides confirmed by DRS analysis. Enrichment of goethite, hematite and maghemite occurs in the salt marsh deposits in comparison to the lower intertidal and subtidal deposits, with goethite being the dominant iron oxide. The changes in hard isothermal remanent magnetization acquired in field above 100mT field (HIRM100) and the S-100 ratio largely reflect the presence of medium-coercivity maghemite in absolute content and relative proportions, respectively. The approach used for iron oxide characterization may offer an efficient diagnostic tool for recognizing sediments or soils subjected to redox condition oscillation elsewhere and contribute to studies of iron cycling in (palaeo-)environmental researches.
- environmental magnetism
- magnetic mineralogy and petrology
- rock and mineral magnetism.